Wednesday, July 6, 2016

Already? ...All Ready for the Honey Flow

I didn't realize it had been so long since my last update. Is it July already?

We have been taking more of a hands-off approach to the bees this year, and since our inspections have been so simple and quick, I hadn't been taking photos.  Now, I miss having the photos, so I'm back to it.


Both of our hives are doing well.  The queens have been making great patterns and there is already some capped honey in the hives. Below, you can see an excellent coverage of brood comb.  We look for not too many empty spaces. To the left, which is actually the bottom of the frame, are larger cells that hold drone (male) bees. It's normal for the hive to produce these and I will try to get a photo of a drone so you can compare.

The rightmost bee is next to a brand new emerging bee, which we know is a female because of the shape of the cap on the comb.  The bee will chew her way out and start her life by cleaning the cell for the queen to lay a new egg in it.  Can you imagine a bee coming out of each of these cells?


We stopped checking the bottom three supers on our hives in June, as to leave the brood undisturbed and to minimize stress on the hives.  Not all beekeepers do this, but it has been going well for us so far.  At this point, we just check the top couple of supers to see if the bees are capping honey and if they have enough room.

What we're anticipating right now is the honey flow, which we have heard is going by July 4.  "Honey flow" is a term beekeepers use to reference a time during the season when local, major nectar sources are in bloom.  We are seeing flowers all over the place here! Honey flow = nectar = honey.

These girls are likely working to turn this nectar into honey.


Once the honey has reached the bees' desired humidity, the bees put a cap on it:


Gorgeous! This is one of my favorite photos this year.

Finally, I'm posting a couple photos from my phone. I hope the resolution is fine.  This is one of my other favorites:


And this is how the hives look right now:





Sunday, May 22, 2016

Summer is a Go...Probably

Last week, we were back down to freezing temperatures, which was a little scary knowing about all the new bees waiting to hatch. This week, in typical Minnesota fashion, temperatures are back up and the bees have been busy. 

Below, you can see a new bee hatching, or emerging. Can you see her antennae and front eyes sticking out?


Both hives are looking healthy and I'm guessing we'll add another super to each by next weekend. They have also been working hard to clean up some of the comb from last year that we put in the hive to try and give them a head start.  They're doing a wonderful job.


 We are enjoying the progress of the bees, and also the progress of spring and the hope of summer.  Little Miss Bee is just over a week away from finishing Kindergarten.  We're starting to eat watermelon and playing outside as much as we can.


We hope you are enjoying this season, too!

Wednesday, May 4, 2016

First Inspections

Our bees are busy...

In the photo below, on the right side, you can see a bee entering into the hive with some nice, light yellow pollen on her leg.  Hooray! The trees have already passed the budding stage here, dandelions are in bloom (to my delight but the dismay of many), and more wildflowers are on the way.  In case you're choosing flowers for your garden, honeybees like blue and purple blooms the best. 


It looks like both queens are busy laying eggs and, any day now, new honeybees will start emerging from their cells and will get to work.  Since a good queen could lay 1000 eggs each day, we would hope that about that many bees would be added every day once the hatching rotation is in full swing. A honeybee's first job is to clean out her cell.

Below is a photo of a brood frame from one hive.  You can see what we'd call a very nice pattern of brood.  That means that there aren't many empty cells, which would be ones  you can see here that are uncapped.  This queen is doing a very nice job! ...and there will be many new bees soon.


We have had hints of warmer weather here in central MN, and the people here generally revel in any slightly warmer temperature.  We took some time to blow bubbles outside at Mr. T's while Mr. Bee finished the inspection.  You can see that the background of life in MN is turning green with spring again.


I'd also like to send a late birthday note to our beekeeping mentor and friend, Mr. Martin.  We send our love and happiest wishes for the year ahead!





Wednesday, April 13, 2016

Happy Bee Day

Mr. Bee and I, and our little bees, are very happy and feeling very blessed to be officially starting our fourth year of beekeeping. We'd like to say a special thank you to Mr. T. for letting us do this on his land.  We appreciate his love of nature and his friendship with our family.

Last Sunday we went out to make sure everything was ready for the hives and to let our newly-painted boxes air out a bit. Everyone helped.


Little Mr. Bee and Little Miss Bee
Mr. Bee picked up our new bees last night and we had gorgeous weather today - just in time to put them in. Introducing...our two new hives!



We purchased two 2-pound packages of Carniolan honey bees and I thought it was funny that they traveled from California to Minnesota via "Bee-Bus".



We work more efficiently each year at getting the bees in the hives. We remove the can filled with syrup (food for the bees' journey) and carefully remove the queen's separate, very small box.  You can see the clip holding it just to the right of the feeding can.


We use this method of getting most of the bees in the hive:


The queen's box gets a mini marshmallow stuck in the end and it goes in the center of the hive.  By the time her attendants and the other bees eat through the marshmallow, they will have accepted her as queen and she will get right to work laying eggs. You can see her tiny compartment below, in the center of the hive. Her royal attendants (that is the real name) have already been feeding her on the journey and taking care of her, so they'll continue to do that until she can make her way out and onto the frames.


Mr. Bee made simple syrup, which we'll use minimally until the nectar is more readily available outside, to feed them. The jar you see below has a lid with three tiny holes that the girls* will drink from, and the whole thing is placed inside what you see as the second super (box) that you see on the hives now.

*Remember that all worker bees are female, so many beekeepers call them "girls".


As explained in an earlier post, Carniolans are known for being very strong in the spring season, so it was no surprise that our new bees were ready to work and that many started orientation flights in front of the hives before we had everything cleaned up. Carniolans are also regarded as good wax-producers, which was noted by us when we saw that the left hive had already begun building comb inside the Bee-Bus. The right-most hive had a very upset/energetic queen, and we saw this temperament through the hive already. Perhaps because of the other bees in their space or perhaps because it will be their overall mood.

Aren't they beautiful?  We suspect these are a mixture of Italian (more golden yellow) and Carniolan (darker black), as you can see below, but we're not sure.  Either way, we're very hopeful for the season.  

Thank you for joining us!



Thursday, February 25, 2016

Starting 2016 Plans and A Recipe to Share

Hello, again!

We're back to planning for the beekeeping year ahead.  Since none of our bees made it through winter, we will be buying new bees and starting each hive brand new this year. There is not a lot of news to share at this point, but we are thinking about having two hives and what is new is that we are considering trying to keep a different "stock" of honeybee.  We haven't made any final decisions yet, but you might be interested in what difference a "stock" or breed of honeybee might make.

Beekeepers have known that genetics make a big difference in honeybees - they can affect temperament, disease resistance, and productivity. Although there can always be "exceptions to the rule," here are some quick  characteristics of some of the two types of stocks we are talking about:

Italian This is the type of honeybees that we have had every year so far.  When I say we have Italian honeybees, I usually hear jokes about their accent, but these are the most utilized stock in our country. They have a less-defensive temperament and a long brooding season, meaning they can keep the hive working and producing new bees all summer. Apparently, though, this type can quickly eat up their own honey when the nectar flow stops and they can become kleptoparasitic, meaning they might rob honey from a weak, neighboring hive.

Carniolan honeybees have a strong, spring boost that helps them take advantage of the early blossoms, and they are great producers of wax. They are not as prone to rob from other colonies, which means they are less likely to spread bee diseases.  We would just have to be on top of the inspections since they can be likely to swarm due to their big spring productivity.
Bonus: they are very docile and can often be worked without a lot of protective gear or smoke.

http://www.beesource.com/resources/usda/the-different-types-of-honey-bees/ was a helpful site in putting this post together and has even more information about bee stocks and all things honeybee in case you'd like to look more into it.

____

I was asked to share the Honey Candy Recipe that I used last fall, so here it is:

Honey Candy 
(this makes a hard candy)

2 cups sugar
1/2 cup water
1/2 cup honey
1/4 cup butter

OR

2-1/2 cups honey
1/4 cup butter

I just used the honey-and-butter-only option. 

Put all ingredients in a heavy pan and cook on medium heat until the Hard Crack stage (Your candy thermometer will have this listed right on it). Pour caramel onto a buttered sheet. Fold edges until it is cool enough to pull (Look up candy pulling if you need to - I did.  Just a word here, the candy is very hot!  If you have kids, you'll want to use caution.  It retains the heat longer than I thought it would, so just keep that in mind.)  Pull and cut into 1" pieces or roll into balls.  Put on greased or buttered cookie sheet to cool. Optional: roll in wax paper or cellophane.

I am hoping to try a recipe for chewy honey caramels soon...stay tuned!



Thursday, September 3, 2015

2015 Honey

Here it is!  We are just starting to get this year's harvest into jars.  The beauty below is just part of what fell/dripped/was scraped off during de-capping the frames for harvest. It is slightly cloudy-looking just from the tiny particles of wax...and it's delicious! I think it's a touch sweeter than last year's honey, but it does still taste like wildflowers.


I also made my first try at honey candy.  Candy making has been a challenge for me in the past, so it was exciting that it turned out.  Isn't the color beautiful?  The only ingredients were honey and butter. They remind me of Werther's, but they have a beautiful, strong, wildflower taste.  The fragrant recipe will be lovely to make in the fall and they should be soothing for winter's dry throats.


The photo below is what we're looking at as of late.  The right-most hive is gone and we made the frames available for the bees to eat the last drops of honey off of so we can store them for the bees next year. The left-most hive has yet to be harvested and inspected for winter decisions. 


We hope you're enjoying the start of the harvest season and we'll share more with you soon.

Tuesday, August 18, 2015

(Already) Getting Ready for Fall

Last weekend, Minnesota weather was fully hot. We have been keeping only an occasional eye on our hives the last couple of weeks, but we decided it was the time to start getting the hives ready for the end of the season.  




The hive that is right-most in the photo above is the first one we inspected and evaluated, and you can see a frame from it below.


This sporadic and bumpy pattern makes it look like the worker bees are laying eggs.  This is bad because there should be an efficiently-laying queen to make more worker bees.  When a worker or workers start laying eggs, only drones (male bees) are produced, and the hive is doomed because there will be no more workers to stock up honey for the cold season.  This hive will not make it through winter, so we took the honey frames off of the top and set them aside for harvesting.  We also put some of the frames that these girls had started with comb and uncured honey and put them on the center hive, so now those bees can really stock up for winter.

Second, we inspected the center hive, which I'll now call Champion.  You'll remember that this is the hive we started in the spring of 2014.  It produced amazingly last year, powered through winter, and is producing amazingly again this season! You can see one of their frames, loaded with honey, below.


We are really proud of this hive and this queen and we're pretty sure we'll try to get her through winter again.

We haven't looked at the last hive yet (the one that started as a top bar hive).  Mr. Bee has an idea of how they're doing, but we saved that inspection for another day since they are a pretty feisty bunch. The other two hives, which are normally at a "usual" temperament, are amped up to protect their hard-earned honey.  I had several trying to attack my face - no worries, they only ran into my veil.  If they were so protective, we know that last hive will need to be inspected on a day when we are on the top of our game.

Since we had several boxes of honey frames, we started harvesting!


Enter: Knudson's Honey this year. I'm really looking forward to showing you an "official" jar soon!